CVE-Compatible Products and Services
Products and Services: 148
Organizations Participating: 81
The products and services listed below have achieved the final stage of MITRE's formal CVE
Compatibility Process and are now "Officially CVE-Compatible." Each organization's product is now eligible to use the CVE-Compatible Product/Service logo, and their completed and reviewed "CVE
Compatibility Requirements Evaluation" questionnaires are posted here and on the Organizations
Participating page as part of their product listings.
Products that have completed the compatibility process and are awaiting review by MITRE are posted below in the Compatible
- Under Review section.
Organizations are listed alphabetically:
Quote/Declaration: AdventNet is pleased to support CVE names in the vulnerability database of the
SecureCentral product line, as part of our commitment to embracing industry
Feb 20, 2014
||Date Declared: February 6, 2013
Nov 3, 2014
|Application Security, Inc.
Quote/Declaration: Application Security, Inc. is committed to delivering solutions that are
compatible and interoperable with the IT security environment at large. In the
vulnerability management marketplace, that means speaking CVE. We've kept our SHATTER
knowledgebase, the world's most comprehensive list of database vulnerabilities and
misconfigurations, up-to-date with CVE references since 2004.
— Josh Shaul, CTO
Quote/Declaration: Assuria Auditor (formerly ISS System Scanner) was previously certified as ISS
System Scanner. Assuria have enhanced and added functionality and features around CVE
reporting in the product.
|Beijing Leadsec Technology Co., Ltd.
||Date Declared: March 13, 2011
|Beijing Netpower Technologies Inc.
Quote/Declaration: Beijing Netpower Technologies Inc. is a leading network security products
producer in China. We assure that our Netpower Network Vulnerability Scanner (NPNS)
and Netpower Network Intrusion Detection System (NPIDS) are fully compatible with CVE
Feb 26, 2015
Dec 23, 2013
|Beijing Venustech Cybervision Co., Ltd.'s
Quote/Declaration: Beijing Venustech provides users with a series of network security products,
which along with our own independent intellectual property, are compliant with the
international standard, CVE. Beyond products, we deliver our customers life-cycle
services including consulting, design, implementation, maintenance, and
— Helen Wang
Quote/Declaration: Beyond Security Ltd.'s Automated Scanning provides users with a complete picture
of the security of their organization by leveraging the huge SecuriTeam.com
knowledgebase. As such, we see high importance for the CVE naming scheme, which
provides a global independent reference for known security vulnerabilities.
Sep 23, 2013
Quote/Declaration: Beyond Trust is an innovative leader in vulnerability and security research,
providing security solutions that help businesses and users protect their systems and
intellectual property from compromise. eEye enables secure computing through
world-renowned research and innovative technology, supplying the world's largest
businesses with an integrated and research-driven vulnerability assessment, intrusion
prevention, and client security solution. eEye is pleased to support the CVE
Initiative and will continue to promote the standardization of the CVE naming
convention and vulnerability identification.
Feb 25, 2014
|Black Box Corporation
||Date Declared: March 29, 2010
Quote/Declaration: As a global leader in data, voice and enterprise security solutions, Black Box
Corporation (BBOX) fully supports the MITRE CVE® standard. We are pleased to
deploy our award winning CVE-compatible Veri-NAC appliances into the market with a
faster, less invasive vulnerability scanning system with direct links into the
National Vulnerability Database (NVD) for a deeper understanding of common
vulnerabilities and exposures as well as faster remediation.
Quote/Declaration: Catbird V-Security is a comprehensive security and compliance solution for
virtual and physical infrastructures, delivering best-practice security for
Hypervisor, Guest VMs and Policy/Regulatory Compliance. Cross-indexing the CVE in
reports we present to our partners and customers assists them in building effective
Quote/Declaration: Cisco sees CVE as an important step in the collaborative efforts of the
vulnerability science community. It is a tool that allows our security research and
product development teams to focus on adding value for our customers. Cisco will
incorporate the CVE dictionary into its products.
— Andrew Balinsky, Cisco Secure Encyclopedia Project Manager
Feb 28, 2014
||Date Declared: October 1, 2013
Dec 11, 2013
Quote/Declaration: Critical Watch supports MITRE's CVE program for standardizing a naming scheme for
vulnerabilities. Incorporating CVE names into our enterprise vulnerability management
solution enables our customers to act swiftly and confidently to collapse windows of
— Nelson Bunker Chief Security Officer
||Date Declared: January 3, 2012
|DragonSoft Security Associates, Inc.
Quote/Declaration: DragonSoft Security Associates, Inc. believes that CVE provides the correct
direction to a uniform and consistent representation of vulnerabilities and exposures
information. As a company which research and design vulnerabilities and exposures
detecting software, we are very desirous to providing CVE compatible product to our
customers that researches and designs software for detecting vulnerabilities and
exposures, we believe it is important to provide CVE-compatible products to our
Quote/Declaration: As a leader and innovation in the security industry, Easy Solutions, Inc. is
pleased to announce compatibility with the CVE Initiative
— Ricardo E. Villadiego, Regional Director, Americas, Easy Solutions,
|EMC Corporation and RSA (The Security Division of EMC)
Quote/Declaration: RSA Archer eGRC Solutions are knowledge management system for the collection,
management and distribution of critical security content such as vulnerabilities,
technical baselines, control standards and information security policies as they
relate to specific risk that IT assets face within the enterprise. The RSA Archer
eGRC Solutions suite strongly supports the CVE standard, which greatly assists in our
integration with other security products and vendors. The CVE mapping enables our
clients to intelligently analyze, cross reference and search vulnerabilities that
affect their organization.
Feb 25, 2014
||Date Declared: April 5, 2011
Quote/Declaration: Fortinet has been an established security vendor for some time, and regularly
discovers third-party security vulnerabilities for which we request CVE Identifiers
from MITRE. We also monitor the security space, develop IPS signatures, and
map/reference the CVEs for all of these in our advisories and encyclopedia.
|FuJian RongJi Software Company, Ltd
Quote/Declaration: FuJian RongJi Software Company, Ltd., in association with the Institute of High
Energy Physics, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, has developed the RJ-iTop Network
Vulnerability Scanner System, which provides CVE Output and is CVE Searchable. In
addition, its database is fully searchable by keyword or CVE name. We have made our
product compatible with CVE so that administrators can easily differentiate which is
the best product for them among the different security products.
— C. Shanmao Lin, RongJi Enterprise
Quote/Declaration: GFI recognizes the importance of standards in a field which is encountering even
bigger challenges, variation of attacks and abuses of IT systems. While searching for
a standard which will allow us to adhere to as well as encourage our customers to
refer to vulnerabilities in a particular format, we found a perfect synergy between
our technology and CVE. We believe that such integration will provide a common ground
for our customers and security administrators out there to share and unify
experiences against these ever increasing threats.
Quote/Declaration: Globant is pleased to support MITRE's initiative of standardizing vulnerability
identification in our managed security services. The adoption of MITRE's CVE standard
benefits users, community and vendors by providing a consistent and single way of
identifying vulnerabilities across different products.
|H3C Technologies Co., Limited
Quote/Declaration: H3C Technologies Co., Limited has made our IPS product compatible with CVE for
the benefit of our customers and to support industry standards.
|Hangzhou DPtech Technologies Co., Ltd.
||Date Declared: March 23, 2011
Quote/Declaration: Hangzhou DPtech Technologies Co., Ltd. is pleased to support MITRE on the CVE
effort to standardize vulnerability identification not only for the security
industry, but for our customers. DPtech IPS2000, our network-based intrusion
prevention system, and DPtech Scanner1000, our network and application vulnerability
assessment scanner, have incorporated CVE names to provide the most valuable
information for our customers.
|Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
Quote/Declaration: By integrating CVE into our security assessment and management products we enable
our customers to promptly and effectively track and respond to security
Jul 29, 2014
|High-Tech Bridge SA
||Date Declared: June 19, 2012
Quote/Declaration: At High-Tech Bridge we strongly believe that CVE information security standard
makes security measurable and universal, from which customers, vendors and security
researchers benefit. We are grateful to the efforts of MITRE Corporation for
continuous CVE standard development and support.
Jun 11, 2013
||Date Declared: July 26, 2015
Sep 20, 2015
Quote/Declaration: As a pioneer and leading provider of security management solutions for the
enterprise ArcSight actively promotes and supports open systems standards such as
CVE. ArcSight uses cross-device correlation to detect sophisticated multi-source,
multi-target attacks while keying into the correct policies and procedures for
response via the CVE names. It enables security experts and IT managers to
cross-correlate information and references about different threats reported by
disparate security products and solutions — a necessity to understand the
real impact of vulnerabilities and attacks.
Feb 25, 2014
|Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
||Date Declared: July 11, 2012
Quote/Declaration: CVE compliance as a high priority requirement throughout Huawei security
product/service development process helps our customers to easily get broader
December 17, 2012
Quote/Declaration: IBM actively promotes, supports, and contributes to the emerging open systems
standards such as CVE that enable technology management software in the IBM Security
portfolio of intrusion detection, vulnerability assessment, end point management, and
security management components to inter-operate and share management information. We
know that open system standards are a critical step in this direction. We support CVE
as the first and the most complete naming convention for vulnerability mapping in the
industry and we are committed to using CVE within our product in a tightly integrated
Feb 25, 2014
|IBM Internet Security Systems
Quote/Declaration: The CVE naming standard developed by MITRE represents a significant leap forward
for the information security industry and end user community. As a technology pioneer
and leading provider of security management software and services, IBM Internet
Security Systems is pleased to be a part of this important initiative as we move
toward a standard that is crucial to the effective protection of every organization's
critical digital assets.
— Christopher Klaus, Founder and Chief Technology Officer
|Information Risk Management Plc
Quote/Declaration: IRM ensures that clients acquire and maintain the core elements of information
security by providing product-independent, expert, and impartial consulting services
to organisations wishing to examine and improve the security of their information
assets. It is essential that open and standardised vulnerability descriptions and
metrics integrate into IRM's methodology and output so that clients may be assured of
a common reference to findings and recommendations. CVE provides such a mechanism and
is vital in providing meaningful security threat results.
|Information-technology Promotion Agency, Japan (IPA)
Quote/Declaration: IPA is proud to incorporate CVE in our product line. Our main product, JVN iPedia
is a vulnerability database that stores summary and countermeasure information on
domestic and overseas software products used in Japan. JVN iPedia is equipped with
search functions (Keyword, Product, CVSS, CVE, etc.) and RSS feeds, which provides
the accumulated data in a comprehensive manner.
Mar 3, 2014
|Japan Computer Emergency Response Team Coordination Center (JPCERT/CC) and
Information-technology Promotion Agency, Japan (IPA)
Quote/Declaration: Under the Information Security Early Warning Partnership in Japan, IPA receives
private vulnerability reports and JPCERT/CC coordinates with developers to prepare
patches or remedies. JVN provides infomation such as solution, vulnerability analysis
by JPCERT/CC, and vender notes. JVN contains CVE information as well as vulnerability
Quote/Declaration: Kingnet Security plays a leading role in network security industry in China. We
want our KIDS intrusion detection system to be compatible to the CVE standard so as
to bring as much value to our customers as possible.
Quote/Declaration: LANDesk Security and Patch manager supports the CVE naming standard, it's a
simple and practical way to ensure that a vulnerability definition means the same
thing to different people.
Oct 4, 2013
|Legendsec Technology Co. Ltd
Quote/Declaration: For the benefit of our customers, we believe it is important to be fully
compatible with the international CVE standard.
Quote/Declaration: The CSI service of laboratory LEXSI gathers applications and services offering a
coherent and complete IT security watch solution to its subscribers. At the core of
the CSI, ten experts supervise new security failures, carry out integrity tests,
provide manual avoidance solutions, reference and enrich the Vulnerabilities
Database. Compatibility between referred vulnerabilities and CVE dictionary provides
to our subscribers and partners full interworking of our watch system with all third
party products and services.
Le service CSI du laboratoire LEXSI regroupe un ensemble d'applications et de
services à même d'offrir à ses abonnés une
solution cohérente et complète de veille en
sécurité informatique. Au coeur du CSI, une dizaine d'experts
surveille l'apparition de failles de sécurité, effectue des
tests d'intégrité, élabore des solutions de
contournement, référence et enrichit la Base de
Vulnérabilités. La compatibilité entre les
vulnérabilités référencées et
le dictionnaire CVE offre à nos abonnés et partenaires
l'interopérabilité totale de notre système de veille
avec l'ensemble des services et produits tiers.
Quote/Declaration: Lumension Security (formerly PatchLink Corporation) is in the vulnerability
management business and as such fully recognizes the value of using CVE names. All of
our patches have CVE codes in them.
Quote/Declaration: Because of today's ever changing threats, and vulnerability data a consent must
be had to properly identify each. In the malicious code area these naming conventions
exist and are very beneficial. The MITRE CVE program provides a naming standard that
can be relied on when there is confusion or no standards agreed upon providing a
method by which system administrators and other users can search the Internet to get
the information on the same vulnerability via various sources.
— Carl Banzhof - Vice President and Chief Technology Evangelist,
Aug 7, 2013
Quote/Declaration: OVAL provides a common language for security experts to discuss the technical
details of how to check for the presence of vulnerabilities and configuration issues
on local systems. The results of the discussions are collaboratively developed XML
vulnerability, patch, and compliance definitions that are based on a common OVAL
Schema and perform the checks. CVE names are used as the basis for all OVAL
vulnerability definitions currently collected on the OVAL Web site. For each CVE
name, there are one or more OVAL vulnerability definitions that measure the presence
of that vulnerability on an end system. OVAL vulnerability definitions on the OVAL
Web site can be searched by CVE name, and vulnerability definitions called up for
review include CVE names.
— Pete Tasker, Executive Director, Security and Info Operations
|National Institute of Standards and Technology
Quote/Declaration: The National Vulnerability Database contains all CVE information as well as
vulnerability attribute information (e.g. vulnerable version numbers), direct access
to U.S. government vulnerability resources, and annotated links to industry
resources. The underlying data in the database is provided license free via an XML
Quote/Declaration: NetClarity is a strong proponent of the CVE dictionary. The Auditor family of
appliances automatically audit networks and reports those vulnerabilities discovered
by our patent-pending vulnerability assessment engine. With CVE-specific information
and remediation instructions, we enable our customers to better manage their risks,
comply with regulations, and protect their assets.
— Gary S. Miliefsky, CTO, CISSP, NetClarity, Inc.
Quote/Declaration: Netcraft is pleased to be able to offer mappings between its vulnerability
scanner and the CVE dictionary. We see CVE as an important security administration
tool, linking our services to a wider variety of other security devices, services and
sources of security information.
||Date Declared: February 5, 2013
Quote/Declaration: NetentSec is a network security company in Beijing of China. We assure that
NetentSec Next Generation Firewall is fully compatible with CVE standards.
Dec 3, 2013
Quote/Declaration: The SecureScout line of vulnerability assessment solutions, fully supports CVE
references; our speed and ease of use enable users to more efficiently verify CVE
|NGSSecure, a Division of NCC Group UK PLC
||Date Declared: February 6, 2012
Quote/Declaration: Since its inception in 2001, NGSSoftware has always made great strides to ensure
its software is compatible with the CVE initiative.
November 28, 2012
Quote/Declaration: NileSOFT is proud to incorporate CVE in our product line. Our main products,
Secuguard SSE (Host based Vulnerability Assessment Tool), Secuguard NSE (Network
based Vulnerability Assessment Tool), mySSE for Web (Online PC Vulnerability
Assessment Service), and LogCOPS (Enterprise Log Analysis and Management System) will
continue to maintain the latest version of CVE.
Feb 25, 2014
|NSFocus Information Technology (Beijing) Co., Ltd.
Quote/Declaration: CVE has made significant efforts to standardize the names for vulnerabilities,
eliminate the potential gap in security coverage and provide easier interoperability
among different security products. NSFocus strives to deliver customers the enhanced
security by series of products with full support for the CVE standard.
Mar 11, 2014
||Date Declared: November 16, 2010
||Date Declared: October 20, 2011
Quote/Declaration: Packet Storm Security, the Internet's largest free security web site housing
tools, exploits, advisories, papers, and more, includes CVE names.
|Positive Technologies CJSC
||Date Declared: September 30, 2010
Quote/Declaration: Positive Technologies is a leading provider of vulnerability and compliance
management, application security, SCADA security and penetration testing. As one of
the development directions, we decided to use the SCAP technology in our products. We
are implementing OVAL standards, supporting FDCC/USGCB, and maximizing integration
with other open security standards in our products. We also provide an open OVAL
repository containing vulnerability descriptions collected from various sources.
Apr 22, 2014
Quote/Declaration: Qualys is pleased to support MITRE's CVE Initiative of standardizing
vulnerability identification and has incorporated the CVE naming scheme into its
QualysGuard Web Services Architecture.
— Wolfgang Kandek, CTO & Vice President of Engineering
Quote/Declaration: As a leader in both vulnerability management and penetration testing, Rapid7
appreciates MITRE's efforts to provide unique CVE Identifiers across both of these
areas. This enables our customers to easily reference vulnerabilities and exploits
Quote/Declaration: It is often confusing when the same security issues get fixed by different
vendors in different ways with different names and descriptions. We see the CVE
Initiative as the way to solve this problem, giving the community accurate
information on which they can base their security decisions. We are working with
MITRE to contribute and validate new entries as well as publish CVE entries in our
— Mark Cox, Senior Director of Engineering
October 24, 2012
||Date Declared: February 7, 2011
Quote/Declaration: Rsam's Enterprise GRC platform has integrated CVE throughout all vulnerability
management and assessment modules. Since 2005, customers have utilized Rsam and CVE
to declare, search, and reporting on common vulnerabilities, and to harmonize common
vulnerability data across disparate data sources.
Quote/Declaration: SAINT, WebSAINT, and SAINTbox vulnerability reports and tutorials include
relevant CVE links, providing the user with easy reference to related information and
a basis for determining the extent of each product's capabilities. SAINTmanager
vulnerability reports and tutorials include relevant CVE links, providing the user
with easy reference to related information and a basis for determining the extent of
SAINTmanager's capabilities. SAINT, WebSAINT, and SAINTbox are also CVE searchable
with a CVE cross-reference that maps the CVE entries to the SAINT tutorials, while
SAINTmanager is CVE searchable with a CVE cross-reference that maps the CVE entries
to the corresponding SAINTmanager vulnerability IDs. We will continue to keep all
SAINT products updated with the latest CVE numbers as they become available.
|Sangfor Technologies Co., Ltd.
||Date Declared: February 6, 2012
Quote/Declaration: Sangfor Technologies Co., Ltd. is a leading network security company in China. We
fully support MITRE's CVE standard in our security products, which allows our
security research and product development teams to focus on adding value for our
customers and enables our customers to easily reference vulnerabilities
Quote/Declaration: SecPoint's vulnerability assessment, vulnerability scanning solution integrates
CVE to allow users the best searchable way for vulnerabilities.
Aug 13, 2013
||Date Declared: June 22, 2011
Quote/Declaration: With the increasing number of vulnerabilities in various areas, it is worthwhile
to define a common vulnerability naming and enumerating standard such as CVE List. By
providing this information to our customers through our product, they can quickly and
accurately identify vulnerabilities. Especially, customers can cross-link the
information with other CVE-Compatible products and services.
Quote/Declaration: Secunia constantly monitors and reviews CVE entries to ensure that these are
appropriately and accurately matched with the verified Secunia Vulnerability
Intelligence provided in our Advisories, Secunia PSI, Secunia CSI, Secunia OSI,
Secunia VIM, and on our Web site.
Sep 30, 2013
Quote/Declaration: SecureInfo RMS, award-winning certification and accreditation software, is
CVE-compatible. Supporting CVE is an important part of our vision in providing
continuous monitoring capabilities in support of FISMA and our customer's information
— Roberto R. Garcia, V.P. Product Engineering
Quote/Declaration: Security Database uses the publicly known vulnerabilities identified in the CVE
List as the basis for most of the queries. All data are relayed in realtime.
Mar 3, 2014
|Shenyang Neusoft System Integration Co., Ltd
||Date Declared: January 25, 2011
Jul 14, 2014
Quote/Declaration: CVE compatibility ensures that administrators can easily use different security
products in order to find additional information they need.
Quote/Declaration: Skybox Security maintains CVE Compatibility because CVE is the standard reference
in the industry for vulnerability information and allows correlation of information
coming from different security solutions.
Sep 5, 2013
|Software in the Public Interest, Inc.
Quote/Declaration: Debian developers understand the need to provide accurate and up-to-date
information of the security status of the Debian distribution, allowing users to
manage the risk associated with new security vulnerabilities. CVE enables us to
provide standardized references that allow users to develop a CVE-enabled security
Quote/Declaration: Symantec maintains one of the largest vulnerability databases available today.
Consisting of over 9000 distinct vulnerability records, we have strived to maintain
CVE compliance from the outset of the CVE Initiative.
Symantec fully supports an industry-wide standard for the indexing of
vulnerabilities. Our public web sites (SecurityFocus and SecurityResponse), and our
commercial alerting services (DeepSight Alert Services) fully conform to the CVE
requirements. This allows our customers to search for, and research vulnerabilities
and blended threats using this common nomenclature. Symantec's wide range of security
products utilize the industry-leading vulnerability database and employ trusted, fast
and automated response capabilities to identify threats identified by CVE.
|Tenable Network Security Inc.
Quote/Declaration: Tenable Network Security utilizes the CVE program to reference each of the
vulnerabilities detected by Nessus and the Passive Vulnerability Scanner. This
information is also heavily used through SecurityCenter for reporting, education, IDS
event correlation and linking with third-party security information.
Quote/Declaration: Recognizing the importance of common indexing of known vulnerabilities,
ThreatGuard has included CVE references in ThreatGuard VMS and ThreatGuard Traveler.
These references are seamlessly integrated with the ThreatGuard Navigator client
application, reports, and search engine. As we release new vulnerability tests, it is
among ThreatGuard's top priorities to ensure CVE referencing is included and
accurate, extending the efforts of the CVE initiative.
Quote/Declaration: We have aligned our service/appliance FAV with the CVE vulnerabilities standard
for the benefit of our customers.
||Date Declared: Jul 22 2015
Quote/Declaration: ToolsWatch provides vFeed a fully aggregated, cross-linked and standardized Vulnerability Database based on CVE and industry
standards such as CWE, OVAL, CAPEC, CPE, CVSS etc. So we strongly believe the importance of the standardization efforts driven
by MITRE. Therefore, vFeed will definitely continue to support the CWE initiative and is pleased to ensure the CWE Compatibility
for its vFeed Vulnerability Database Community and all derived products and services.
Sep 16, 2015
Quote/Declaration: Tripwire actively supports standardization efforts in the security market,
including the CVE's common lexicon for the vulnerability namespace. As a member of
the CVE editorial board, we are committed to ensuring Tripwire's IP360 product
continues to support CVE names and provides customers with an enterprise-class
complete lifecycle approach to vulnerability management. Ultimately, this enables
customer to find and eliminate vulnerabilities before they can be exploited, ensure
security policy compliance and meaningfully measure and manage business risk.
— Tim Keanini
Jun 18, 2014
||Date Declared: December 28, 2011
Quote/Declaration: TrustSign is a certificate authority and a security company that works to
identify and correct common vulnerabilities in enterprise networks and service
providers. We believe that it is important to our services and clients to be a fully
compatible with the CVE standard.
Quote/Declaration: We are pleased to partner with MITRE on the CVE Compatibility program. As a
leader in the enterprise security management software technology, we believe that the
CVE standardization of multi-vendor security exploits information will greatly
benefit our customers. Our current product offering leverages CVE to offer
intelligent correlation and threat and incident management solutions and our future
offerings will continue to leverage the widely accepted CVE standard.
— Paul MacGyver Carman, Technical Product Manager
Feb 25, 2014
||Date Declared: July 25, 2014
Quote/Declaration: Virtustream has solidified our use of a standards based solution by working with
the MITRE CVE Team to certify our Analytic Continuous Monitoring Engine (ACE) product
Jul 28, 2014
Quote/Declaration: WINS Co., Ltd. is pleased to support MITRE on the CVE effort to standardize
vulnerability identification not only for the security industry, but for our
customers. SNIPER IPS, our network-based intrusion prevention system, and SecureCast,
our vulnerability database, have incorporated CVE names to provide the most valuable
information for our customers.
Apr 4, 2014
||Date Declared: Nov 13, 2014
Quote/Declaration: The WPScan Vulnerability Database aims to record WordPress core, Plugin, and
Theme vulnerabilities. We use CVE numbers to allow users to reference vulnerabilities
across different sources as well as giving the user extra valuable information about
the vulnerability itself.
Feb 3, 2015
|Xi'an Jiaotong University Jump Network Technology Co., Ltd.
Quote/Declaration: We have incorporated CVE to improve the quality of our product.