Ruby 1.9.3 before patchlevel 286 and 2.0 before revision r37068 allows
context-dependent attackers to bypass safe-level restrictions and
modify untainted strings via the (1) exc_to_s or (2) name_err_to_s API
function, which marks the string as tainted, a different vulnerability
than CVE-2012-4466. NOTE: this issue might exist because of a
Note:References are provided for the convenience of the reader to help distinguish between vulnerabilities. The list is not intended to be complete.
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the CVE-ID was allocated or reserved, and does not
necessarily indicate when this vulnerability was
discovered, shared with the affected vendor, publicly
disclosed, or updated in CVE.
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list, which standardizes names for security